Thyroid Specialist

Hayes Endocrine and Diabetes Center

Endocrinologists & Diabetes Specialists located in Nashville, TN

Your thyroid gland governs a number of bodily processes, including your metabolism and body temperature. When your thyroid isn’t operating as it should, your overall health and well-being are affected. Andrea Hayes, MD, of Hayes Endocrine and Diabetes Center in Nashville, Tennessee, is an experienced endocrinologist who provides care for issues such as hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and thyroid cancer. Call the office or book an appointment online today if you suspect you have a thyroid problem.

Thyroid Q & A

Why is your thyroid gland important?

A butterfly-shaped gland located at the front of your throat, the thyroid produces hormones that regulate your metabolic rate. These hormones maintain your heart and digestive function, bone health, muscle control, and brain development and mood. If there’s a problem with your thyroid gland, Dr. Hayes can usually feel it because it’s enlarged.

What disorders of the thyroid gland are there?

Common disorders of the thyroid gland are usually a result of improper production of thyroid hormones. When you produce too little thyroid hormone, it’s diagnosed as hypothyroidism. If you produce too much, it’s known as hyperthyroidism.

You can also develop cancer of the thyroid gland. Goiters are abnormal enlargements of the thyroid gland caused, usually, by too little iodine in your diet.

Thyroid nodules, or lumps in the gland, are common ailments as well. Nodules are usually not of concern as 95% of them are benign, but they should be examined just in case.

What is Hashimoto’s disease?

Hashimoto’s disease, also sometimes called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, is diagnosed when your body creates antibodies that cause thyroid hormone production to decrease. You may suffer symptoms such as:

  • Extreme fatigue
  • Dry skin
  • Weight gain
  • Brittle nails
  • Hair loss
  • Muscle aches and stiffness

Dr. Hayes treats Hashimoto’s disease with oral thyroid hormone replacement and lifestyle changes.

What is hyperthyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism occurs when your thyroid overproduces too much thyroid hormone and becomes enlarged. It may be a result of the autoimmune disorder called Graves’ disease. If you have hyperthyroidism, you may suffer:

  • Weight loss
  • Tremors and anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Irregular periods
  • Bulging eyes
  • Chest pain and heart palpitations

Treatments for hyperthyroidism include antithyroid medications and radioactive iodine. Dr. Hayes evaluates your condition to determine the best course of treatment.

What is thyroid cancer?

Thyroid cancer is not common. It occurs when abnormal cells grow inside your thyroid gland. Dr. Hayes usually catches this condition early enough for you to receive a full treatment and go into remission.

Symptoms of thyroid cancer aren’t obvious to you, but when Dr. Hayes or your family doctor conducts an annual wellness exam, they’ll notice a lump or swelling on your neck. Treatment for thyroid cancer includes radioactive iodine and surgery.

For a thorough analysis of your thyroid health, call Hayes Endocrine and Diabetes Center or use online booking to schedule an appointment today.