Abnormalities of your bone metabolism can cause calcium and bone disorders, including osteoporosis. At Hayes Endocrine and Diabetes Center in Nashville, Tennessee, endocrinologist Andrea Hayes, MD, provides evaluation and support for you to manage these conditions and live as healthy of a life as possible. To learn more about diagnosis and treatment of bone and calcium disorders, call the office or book an appointment online today.
Osteoporosis is a disease in which your bone structure becomes weakened such that your bones are more vulnerable to fracture. The aging process is the most common culprit when it comes to osteoporosis. Women are especially vulnerable as their estrogen production declines during menopause.
Dr. Hayes treats osteoporosis with lifestyle recommendations, such as dietary measures that include more calcium and vitamin D and exercise. Also, she can prescribe medications that help build bone mass back and preserve what you have.
The parathyroids are four pea-sized glands that sit behind your thyroid and control your calcium metabolism. Hyperparathyroidism is diagnosed when you have too much parathyroid hormone in your blood, resulting in increased blood calcium levels.
Symptoms include poor mood, tiredness, difficulty concentrating, bone pain, and digestive issues. Usually, one or more of the parathyroids is enlarged and diagnosis is done with a simple blood test. Dr. Hayes treats hyperparathyroidism with regular monitoring and, in severe cases, surgical removal of the problematic gland.
The parathyroids can in rare cases produce too little parathyroid hormone, called hypoparathyroidism, and thus negatively affect your body’s function. You experience low levels of calcium and high levels of phosphorous, which is easily managed when caught early but requires lifelong management.
Calcium is a mineral essential to many cellular and enzymatic functions in your body. Your body depends on a homeostatic, or balanced, level of calcium to drive functions like muscle contraction and cardiac function.
If you have hypercalcemia, or too much calcium in your system, you may suffer from vomiting, constipation, high blood pressure (hypertension), and abdominal pain. Too little calcium, or hypocalcemia, may result in cramping and make you feel fatigued and weak.
Symptoms can worsen depending on the severity of your calcium imbalances. Dr. Hayes provides appropriate treatment, such as intravenous calcium supplementation if your levels are abnormally low, or restriction of calcium intake if your levels are too high.
Vitamin D is essential in helping your body absorb calcium. You may become vitamin D deficient if you don’t get enough vitamin D in your diet, don’t absorb vitamin D well, or aren’t getting enough sun exposure.
Dr. Hayes can assess your vitamin D levels, especially if you have symptoms such as weakened bones and fatigue. She offers high-powered supplementation to restore optimal levels and protect your bone health.
For more information about how you can protect your bones and calcium levels, call Hayes Endocrine and Diabetes Center or schedule an appointment online today.