Bone Disorders and How to Tell if You Have One

Your bone health is paramount to your overall health, given its role in providing the foundational support for your body. When something impacts the integrity of your skeletal structure, it can cause serious problems. 

At Hayes Endocrine and Diabetes Center, under the expert direction of Dr. Andrea Hayes, we specialize in calcium and bone disorders. From osteoporosis to parathyroid issues, we help our patients maintain optimal health.

We believe that education and awareness are key. The more you know about bone and calcium disorders, the better equipped you'll be to manage symptoms. 

Bone and calcium metabolism

When you think of your metabolism, you may think of how quickly your body burns calories. But, metabolism is much broader than that. 

Metabolism describes the chemical reactions in your body that sustain life and support your health. Your bones are directly influenced by metabolic function. For example, the minerals that support bone health, such as calcium and phosphorous, are directly controlled by your metabolic processes. Any issue with these processes can result in poor bone and poor overall health. 

A loss of bone

The primary culprit behind bone disorders is osteoporosis, which affects 10 million people in the United States. Another 44 million have what's known as "low bone density." 

Women are far more vulnerable to osteoporosis as they transition through menopause. The precipitous drop in estrogen levels during menopause impact the bones and can potentially cause problems. 

There’s usually no outward signs of osteoporosis, though you may experience a loss in height and a more stooped posture. Many people only discover the condition after a bone break, which is the primary concern for this bone disorder.

We recommend that women, especially, undergo a bone density test as they get older, which allows us to spot the developing condition and take the necessary steps to slow its progress by supporting bone health.

A parathyroid problem

Your four, tiny parathyroid glands, located in your neck also play a significant role in your health because they control your calcium and phosphorous levels through your parathyroid hormones. There are two conditions we’re concerned about when it comes to these tiny glands.


When your parathyroid glands overproduce hormones, it can lead to too much calcium in your system. While you may think your body needs a lot of calcium, too much can cause these problems:

Too much calcium can also interfere with heart and brain function, so this condition shouldn’t be taken lightly. If you find yourself fatigued, hypertensive, plagued by bone pain, or experiencing gastrointestinal problems, we can run a simple blood test to check for hyperparathyroidism.


Swinging to the other end of the spectrum, hypoparathyroidism is when your parathyroid glands under produce hormones, leading to insufficient calcium levels. The symptoms of this condition include:

We can also perform a simple blood test to check for this condition.

Hypercalcemia and hypocalcemia

To put it simply, hypercalcemia and hypocalcemia are when your body either has too much calcium in its system or too little. These conditions are typically brought on by the parathyroid conditions we described above. However, a Vitamin D deficiency has been known to cause hypocalcemia. 

The good news is we can easily identify whether you have a bone or calcium disorder through simple testing. Once we know we'll tailor a treatment protocol to restore your health. Don't wait. Call us at (615) 434-6569 or visit our website to schedule an appointment.

You Might Also Enjoy...

Diabetes and Heart Disease: What's the Connection?

If you have diabetes, you might know you’re more likely to develop heart disease than people who don’t have diabetes. But how are these two chronic conditions linked? And what can you do to lower your risk of heart attack and stroke? Find out here.

Understanding Male Hypogonadism: Causes and Treatments

You don’t feel like yourself lately, and now you know why. Your doctor says you have male hypogonadism and that your testosterone levels have plummeted. Luckily, in most cases, you can replace your missing testosterone and get back to normal again.

The Link Between Obesity and Diabetes

While having diabetes doesn’t mean becoming obese and being overweight isn’t automatically a sentence of diabetes, the link between these two conditions can’t be denied. Find out more about the risk of “diabesity.”

Living with PCOS

Polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS, sounds like an internal health problem — and it is — but the external effects of this hormonal imbalance are also part of the equation. Here we offer some advice on living with all of the side effects of PCOS.

Here's How Diabetes Affects Your Kidneys

Diabetes is one of the main causes of kidney disease, but it doesn’t have to be. Learn more about how you can take care of yourself as a diabetic and avoid kidney complications.